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Pre-Exams for Senior Sports Horses

Pre-Exams for Senior Sports Horses

No wander around: Horses – especially those expected to perform at a high level – risky purchases. However, a comprehensive pre-purchase exam can help you to trust that you are making the right investment for your scenario. That’s what practitioners are looking for in their pre-purchase exams for high-end sports horses.

Horses are risky purchases. The healthiest of the new horses can be a career or life threatening at any time. However, there are steps you can take before you purchase to give yourself the chance to choose and purchase a healthy, suitable partner to meet your needs and goals, including having your veterinarian conduct a comprehensive pre-purchase exam.

What will your veterinarian evaluate during one of these assessments? John R. Steele & Associates ‘DVM was held in San Francisco, USA on December 1-5, at the US Equestrian Practitioners’ Congress on December 1-5; level sport horses.

“The horse pre-procurement exam has improved greatly in recent years,” he said. “As technology advances, the level of complications often required by these  horse exams increases. The value of sports horses has increased dramatically in the last decade, and it has been asked to conduct a pre-purchase test, creating a new sense of pressure for the buyer, seller and veterinarian. ”

He therefore encouraged veterinarians to find and adhere to a routine suitable for them.

Ası Implementing a comprehensive system with clear customer communication will help ensure that the interests of the buyer are well represented and provide as much information as possible to help the veterinarian make the best decision, ”he said.



The Physical Exam for Horses
The Physical Exam for Horses


Before the Exam

Before a practitioner even put a foot in a barn, Welker said that they had a few steps to prepare:

  • Get to know the buyer – Professional horsemen and amateurs sometimes look for different types of horses, and some riders look for long-term partners, while others hope to sell in the future. So, it is very important to understand what the buyer wants. For example, a rider who wants to earn miles on the upper floors with an experienced mountain will look for a different kind of horse than a professional who aims to raise levels before selling it to a young horse. The same findings may cause red flags, while some osteoarthritis or maintenance-related subjects are expected to surface during an uptake on the old horse.
  • Describe the horse’s potential work – for example, senior dressage and jumping have very different physical requirements. Understanding where the horse is headed can help veterinarians better assess their suitability for work.
  • Check horse show record – Have the buyer investigate the horse’s performance record. Does the horse’s current show level look age-appropriate? Has it been shown consistently or are there gaps in its recording? If the horse started late or left the competition for a long time, can the seller explain why? Welker said that evaluating these factors together with clinical examination can help veterinarians learn more about the horse in question.




The Physical Exam for Horses
The Physical Exam for Horses


The Physical Exam for Horses

Veterinarians should be prepared to document everything they find in the preliminary exams for senior sport horses – good, bad or irrelevant. Take notes during the process, then prepare a detailed report for the recipient after taking the exam.

Welker said that he liked to look at his stables at the beginning of the horse exam to get an idea of his temperament, to assess his posture and to watch stereotypes such as bedsteads or textiles. This is also a good time to check the horse’s passport (if any) and scan a microchip.

He then begins a physical examination, which includes:

  • Take the temperature of the horse;
  • Listening to the heart, lungs, trachea and gastrointestinal tract;
  • Palpation of the head and watery grooves;
  • Touching the ears and polls to control ear plugs that may mask behavioral problems; and
  • Looking at teeth to identify potential medical conditions and ensure that the horse’s teeth match the age of the teeth.

Welker also recommended that you perform an eye examination in the darkest possible location.

Be quick to add an expert if you see anything abnormal, Hızlı he said.

He encouraged practitioners to take a step back and look at the conformation of the horse, paying attention to the overall balance of the body, the length of the back, angular leg deformations, and toynal conformation and size.

“Information errors will result in them,” he said, and alar so far they should not be a problem ”.


SLIDESHOW: Horse Preparation Exams


Surgical scars can also provide information about the horse’s history, so Welker suggested that he take the time to check them out. Common scar locations include sore throat (from respiratory surgery), patterns and posterior balls (from orthopedic surgery), and abdominal (from colic surgery).

Welker said, bir Make a statement about the tracks in your horse exam report, but note whether the horse is cropped.. “We can miss the tracks on horses without a handle.”

Next: the musculoskeletal examination began to palpate the entire body of the horse.

Ker Start over, work along the neck and back, and then work on every leg. Wel Welker said.

Noting whether they appear to be acute or chronic, he said he controls synovial and soft tissue structures for swelling; He said these findings may affect the ultrasound part of the exam. In this part of the exam, perform passive flexibility (where the vet bends a joint to see if it has normal range of motion).

Welker also looks closely at the horse hooves. It appears that the shoe is quite normal or more complex, if it appears to be shoddy to help a horse treat a particular condition, whether the shoe is worn in a certain way (eg, more wear inside or outside the toe) and shoed. It also uses hoof testers to check the sensitivity at the base and base of the four toes.

He recommended taking blood for a complete blood count / chemistry panel and performing a Coggins test to check for horse infectious anemia. If assured by a horse’s history or clinical manifestations, Welker said he could also have Lyme disease, and could pass protozoal myelencephalitis (EPM) and metabolic tests. More owners are looking for drug screens as part of pre-auction exams for senior sports horses, so Welker offered the following tips:

  • Send samples for drug testing, but if there is a problem when sending or processing samples to the laboratory, hold and freeze at least one tube of blood;
  • Not all laboratories test the same substances, so know in advance what the laboratory of your choice will look for;
  • If any party (eg, buyer, seller, educator, etc.) rejects the Medication screen, document it in your exam report and note who rejected it; and
  • Tell the buyer what the results will be and when they should arrive.

In the physical examination, Welker recommended that practitioners talk to the seller, the coach and / or the person responsible for the horse’s maintenance.

Take direct questions about the history of the horse and document them direct communication and record their answers, ”he said. “In recent years, it has become routine to ask sellers to disclose the horse’s records by the veterinarian performing the pre-purchase inspection.”

These records may include drug management (at least during the last six months), recent veterinary records, surgical records, and diagnostic imaging reports.



The Physical Exam for Horses
The Physical Exam for Horses


The Dynamic Exam for Horses

After looking at the veterinarian on a horse, it’s time to become a dynamic or moving part of the exam.

Welker said his horse exams include:

  • Track horse walking and rake in a straight line on a hard ground;
  • Evaluating the number eight walking horse;
  • Conducting coordination tests, such as turning the horse in a narrow circle in both directions (yap Do this test yourself, ”he said.“ You can get a lot of information from this “);
  • Track the horse back; and
  • performing dynamic flexion tests on a hard surface; these include keeping a joint in a flexible position for a period of time (usually about 50 seconds) before watching the horse race.

Welker said veterinarians often do the following trades:

  • Knee;
  • Front and rear padlock;
  • Hock;
  • Stifle extension;
  • Stifle passage;
  • Coffin joint; and
  • Upper extremity flexions, if there is evidence of anterior flatness.

It also evaluates the horse, if any, on a hard and soft surface along a sponge line. He said that the horse was assessing his behavior, including how the body was lean, how he used his body, and whether he was more or less willing to go further in one direction than the other.

“Then, have the handler lift the horse up,” Welker said. “This is a good opportunity to assess the horse’s temperament and overall comfort when placing the saddle.”

He said that a six-saddle test is a very important part of the pre-purchase exams for top-level sports horses, because many horses that make noises and even a rider on the sponge line are lame. Again, if appropriate, he follows the horse hard and soft.

Welker said the driver was:

  • Work the horse in three walks – walking, scratching and scratching – with both bridle and loose bridle;
  • Execute flying lead changes;
  • Shorten and extend the shot quickly and in the console;
  • In both correct and incorrect diagonals, put the rake in place and book; and
  • Galloping the horse, then listening to the heart after an intense exercise and evaluating how the horse heals.

After the exercise, he said he would palpate the neck and back with soft tissue structures to see if any pain had healed, worsened, or remained the same.

Welker then collects ultrasound and radiographic images, including the neck and back. Another presentation at the convention included in-depth imaging during pre-procurement.

Exam Reporting

Eventually, Welker gave practitioners pointers on how to best document and report their findings to the client:

  • Use a template for consistency;
  • Observe the terminology. “These days, words like this and this is not a guarantee sırasında during this exam will help to remind the buyer that the pre-test is a variable test that can change quickly”;
  • Report when the results of the examination have been discussed with the buyer and instructor or representative; and
  • Indicate that the recipient is investigating and the horse knows the demonstration record. “This could require a significant amount of research and should fall to the potential buyer to find the time needed to look for gaps in the horse’s performance record,” he said.

At the close, Welker said that pre-purchase exams for top-level sports horses can be expensive for the buyer, spending time and taking important responsibility for the veterinarian.

“The veterinary practitioner plays a key role in the purchase of horses,” he said. Mak Taking the time to conduct an in-depth clinical examination, researching the horse’s history and consistently recording the findings will provide the buyer with the assurance they need to make the right decision for themselves. ”

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