The horse, whose scientific name is Equus caballus, is an animal species. According to some scientists, the first domestication was done by the Scythians. The history of the horse, which is the greatest helper of people on battlefields, transportation, javelin and horse races, dates back about 55 million years. There are many meanings of the word horse among the people. The horse is one of the most valuable mammals to serve people. The male is called a stallion, the female is called a mare, and transporter is called a horse. And their offspring is called as colt. Horse is an animal that don’t ruminant. With a capacity of 10-19 liters, the only parts are stomachs and do not vomit due to the special structure of the stomach. Symptoms of vomiting are indications that their deaths are approaching. The horse drinks about 20-40 liters of water per day. Male horses 40, female horses have 36 teeth. Teeth wear out over time, the age of the horse can be learned according to the degree of wear. The average duration of pregnancy is approximately 11 months. Some mares can give birth until 15 years of age. They give birth once a year. As the colt born with open eyes, rises up as soon as it is born and follows its mother. Breastfeeding period is 4-5 months. Nostrils are wide and large-eyed animals. There is a mane of lush hair on his neck. Although their ears are small, their hearing is very good. It has a long tufted tail and the leg muscles are very strong.

Horse breeds

Arabian horse:  

is a very durable racehorse that can withstand without drinking water, 24 hours a day. They run in straight races. Resistant to desert conditions.  

British horse:

they are specially bred for the race. It is also a good riding animal. The legs are longer than the Arabian horse.  

American Mustang horse:

the word Mustang means “lonely” in Spanish. These horses lived as wild animals without a possession for over 200 years and were mated and multiplied by horse riding.  There are different sizes, shapes, colors and types.  


The only difference from horses is their size. It is a small, calm and durable horse race. Usually used as a pet for children.  


It is a black-colored race with feathered feet, long waistcoat  

Akhal Teke:

It has a golden feather color. This horse belongs to Turkmenistan.  

Pony Horse:

It is a small, durable and calm horse species. Iceland and Norway ponies are famous.  

Chinese Horse:

The legs are longer than the Arabian horse and shorter than the British horse. Its generation is running out.  

The Evolution of Horses:

When you examine the evolution of horses, you can get very interesting information. These animals emerged in the Eocene 60 million years ago. Initially, their size, which was very small in a cat size, increased over time. Considering the dimension, we can see that horses have undergone a great evolution. Some scientists do not believe that this is evolution.  

Parts of horse head:

The head of the horse consists of the head, bangs nose, nostrils, face, cheeks, jaw pit, mouth, eyes, eye pit, forehead, nasal place, ganajes and molars.  

Parts of horse body:

The horse body consists of neck, abdomen, rib, back, waist, hip, chest, shoulder oar, armpit and ribs. Horses are domesticated in Central Asia. Dry and green herbs are fed with grain or straw. And they love the sugar cubes. We can group the horses as friendly and calm. Friendly horses, like Arabian horses and British horses, are delicate and thin. They can run very fast for a long time. Friendly horses are bigger and stronger horses. It has thick legs and is cumbersome. Calm horses are used for transportation. In spite of everything, horses are always very noble and beautiful animals.

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